Fox Kitten -Iranian Espionage – leveraged 4 CVEs Pulse Secure, Fortinet, Palo Alto Networks, and Citrix VPNs
Security company ClearSky has released few days ago a very detailed report about Iranian hackers Group that have targeted large companies from the IT, Telecommunication, Oil and Gas, Aviation, Government, and Security sectors around the world in order to plant backdoors.
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As stated in the report, the “Fox Kitten Campaign” leveraged 4 CVEs in order to exploit the attack vectors that led to large servers compromise. The Group have targeted the following vulnerabilities
- Critical Pulse Secure VPN Vulnerability (CVE-2019-11510)
- Critical Pre-Authentication Vulnerability in Palo Alto Networks GlobalProtect SSL VPN (CVE-2019-1579)
- Fortinet FortiOS Directory Traversal Vulnerability (CVE-2018-13379)
- Unauthenticated Remote Code Execution Vulnerability in Citrix ADCs and Gateways (CVE-2019-19781)